The Greatest Writers of all Times

(I piu` grandi scrittori di tutti i tempi)

Selected by piero scaruffi | Back to the Fiction page
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AGE

1200

1300

1400

1500



1600



1700






1800











1900
........SPANISH.......








Cervantes (1547)
Lope de Vega (1562)
Quevedo (1580)
Calderon (1600)













Perez Galdos (1843)



Machado (1875)
Jimenez (1881)


Garcia Lorca (1898)
..HISPANIC..

































Borges (1899)
Neruda (1904)
Carpentier (1904)
Cortazar (1914)
Paz (1914)

Marquez (1928)


Puig (1932)

Vargas Llosa (1936)
PORTUGUESE








Camoes (1524)















Assis (1839)
Queiros (1845)





Pessoa (1888)









Saramago (1922)
......ITALIAN....


Dante (1265)
Petrarca (1304)
Boccaccio (1313)

Ariosto (1474)








Goldoni (1707)





Leopardi (1798)



Pascoli (1855)
Svevo (1861)
Pirandello (1867)




Gadda (1893)
Montale (1896)





Zanzotto (1921)
Calvino (1923)
AGE

1200

1300

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1600



1700






1800











1900
....FRENCH....

Chretien (11xx)



Villon (1431)
Rabelais (1494)





Moliere (1622)

Voltaire (1694)





Stendhal (1783)
Balzac (1799)
Hugo (1802)
Baudelaire (1821)
Flaubert (1821)
Zola (1840)
Mallarme` (1842)
Rimbaud (1854)
Gide (1869)
Proust (1871)
Valery (1871)
Cocteau (1889)
Celine (1894)


Sartre (1905)
Beckett (1906)
Camus (1913)
..GERMAN..
















Goethe (1749)
Schiller (1759)
Holderlin (1770)
Kleist (1771)
Novalis (1772)
Heine (1797)
Hoffmann (1809)
Buchner (1813)

Schnitzler (1862)
Wedekind (1864)
Rilke (1875)
Mann (1875)
Hesse (1877)
Musil (1880)
Kafka (1883)

Brecht (1898)
Canetti (1905)




Durrenmatt(1921)


Bernhard (1931)
Sebald (1944)
....ENGLISH....




Chaucer (1340)



Spenser (1552)
Marlowe (1564)
Shakespeare (1564)
Donne (1572)
Milton (1608)
DeFoe (1660)
Swift (1667)
Fielding (1707)


Blake (1757)
Wordsworth (1770)
Scott (1771)

Dickens (1812)
Bronte (1818)
G. Eliot (1819)
Hardy (1840)
Hopkins (1844)
Shaw (1856)
Conrad (1857)
Yeats (1865)
Forster (1879)
Joyce (1882)
Woolf (1882)
Huxley (1894)

Greene (1904)
Auden (1907)
Goldman (1911)
Burgess (1917)



Pinter (1930)
......U.S.A.......























Melville (1819)


James (1843)

Stevens (1879)
Pound (1885)
T.S. Eliot (1888)
Fitzgerald (1896)
Faulkner (1897)
Nabokov (1899)



Bellow (1915)

Gaddis (1922)


Barth (1930)
Pynchon (1937)

Morrison (1942)
AGE

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1700






1800











1900
....GREEK...



































Seferis (1900)
Ritsos (1909)
Elitis (1911)
......RUSSIAN......





















Pushkin (1799)
Gogol (1809)
Turgenev (1818)
Dostoevskij (1821)
Tolstoj (1828)
Cechov (1860)
Gorkij (1868)
Blok (1880)
Achmatova (1889)
Pasternak (1890)
Mandelstam (1891)
Bulgakov (1891)
Majakovskij (1893)








Evtusenko (1933)

Brodskij (1940)
....POLISH....
























Norwid (1821)
Witkiewicz (1885)
Gombrowicz (1904)
Milosz (1911)
Lem (1921)
Herbert (1924)
....CZECH....



































Holan (1905)
Kundera (1929)
SCANDINAVIAN
























Ibsen (1828)
Strindberg (1849)
Lagerlof (1858)
AGE

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1500



1600



1700






1800











1900
ANGLOPHONES




































White (1912)
Walcott (1930)
Soyinka (1934)
Rushdie (1947)
....HEBREW....



































Singer (1904)
Oz (1939)
....PERSIAN.... Ferdowsi (940)
Omar Khayyam (1050)
Nezami (1140)
Rumi (1207)
Hafez (1324)
AGE

1200

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1400

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1600



1700






1800











1900
The columns are rough approximations. Writers are grouped by the language in which they wrote. The country that today owns the city in which they were born might be completely different (e.g., Ireland is now independent of Britain, Czech Republic is independent of Germany) and some countries did not even exist when these writers lived (Germany and Italy were only born in the 1870s). So Conrad (Polish) is listed under Britain because he wrote in English, and so are all Irish writers. Kafka (Czech) is under Germany. Etc. I split Spanish and Hispanic, English and USA and Anglophones because there were too many for one column. This page is not the place to find out where a writer was born, just a summary of the writers that I consider most important. Go to the timelines for the real thing.