The History of Rock Music: 1970-1975Genres and musicians of the Seventies
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(Copyright © 2009 Piero Scaruffi)
Part 3. The Seventies (roughly 1970-75)
The Early 1970s: A Crisis Of Confidence
After the orgy of social upheavals of the 1960s (civil-rights movement,
peace marches, hippies, political assassinations), the 1970s opened in a tense
but somehow exhausted mood.
In 1972 president Richard Nixon, who had been so viscerally anti-communist,
met with Chinese communist chairman Mao Zedong. In 1973 the USA, defeated,
withdrew from Vietnam, and two years later the communists completed their conquest of the country.
In 1973 another crisis erupted: following a war against Israel, members of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries imposed an oil embargo against the West. Oil prices skyrocket and precipitated a world depression.
In 1974 more turmoil: president Nixon was forced to resign after the
Watergate scandal had exposed his criminal habits.
Many felt that the USA had already begun its decline.
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