Additions to the Bibliography on Mind and Consciousness
compiled by Piero Scaruffi
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(Copyright © 2000 Piero Scaruffi | Legal restrictions )
Farthing William: THE PSYCHOLOGY OF CONSCIOUSNESS (Prentice Hall, 1992)
The American psychologist William Farthing has written a comprehensive manual on theories of mind for use by psychologists. It provides a very concise overview of the mind-body debate and then in-depth overviews of work on several topics, including split-brain research, nonconscious mental life, daydreaming, stream of consciousness, altered states, sleep, dreaming, hypnosis, meditation, and psychedelic drugs. It provides a wealth of psychological data, mainly drawn from mental and sleep disorders.
Fauconnier Gilles: MENTAL SPACES (MIT Press, 1994)
A revised edition of the 1985 cognitive linguistics classic that described how discourse constructs mental spaces. "The mind creates multiple cognitive spaces to mediate its understanding of relations and activities in the world, and to engage in creative thought."
Fauconnier Gilles & Eve Sweetser: SPACES, WORLDS, AND GRAMMAR (Univ of Chicago Press, 1996)
The book contains twelve very technical papers that show how Fauconnier's theory solves specific linguistic problems.
Fauconnier Gilles: MAPPINGS IN THOUGHT AND LANGUAGE (Cambridge Univ Press, 1997)
Further investigations in the realm of meaning and language (tense, counterfactuals, etc) within the model of mental spaces.
Feigenbaum Edward: COMPUTERS AND THOUGHT (MIT Press, 1995)
A collection of articles by Turing, Newell, Simon, Minsky, Feigenbaum, etc.
Feigl Herbert: THE MENTAL AND THE PHYSICAL (Univ of Minnesota Press, 1967)
In this 1957 essay Feigl argues in favor of the class identity theory of the mind. Physical and mental terms may have different senses but identical referents: mental states may refer exactly to the same states as do physical states, even if they describe the states in a completely different manner. Mental idioms and physical idioms are different descriptions of the same states. Mental states and physical states have the same extension but different intension: they describe the same states, but in a different way.
Fetzer James: ASPECTS Of ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (Kluwer, 1988)
A collection of philosophical articles on machine intelligence, notably Fetzer's own introduction to the theory of semiotic systems. Newell's and Simon's hypothesis of the mind as a symbol processing system can be extended by considering the mind as a semiotic system, i.e. sign processing systems. Fetzer thinks that symbol systems simulate mental processes that semiotic systems replicate.
Fetzer James: ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (Kluwer, 1990)
Fetzer thinks that the standard model of Artificial Intelligence, that views minds as symbol processing systems, is fundamentally flawed, because minds are semiotic systems. Fetzer introduces to the theory of semiotic systems. The notions of semantic networks, frames, scripts are reviewed in the philosophical context of a theory of knowledge, belief and action.
Fetzer James: EPISTEMOLOGY AND COGNITION (Kluwer, 1991)
A collection of philosophical papers (mainly critiques) that deal with Fodor's computational theory of the mind, connectionism, scripts, frames and so forth.
Fillmore, Charles: Form and Meaning in Language (Univ Press Chicago, 2002)
The book collects papers by Charles Fillmore, including "The Case for Case".
Finke Ronald: PRINCIPLES OF MENTAL IMAGERY (MIT Press, 1989)
A survey of psychological findings about mental imageries. Finke identifies five principles of equivalence between a mental imagery and the perceived object: the principle of implicit encoding (informatin about the properties of an object can be retrieved from its mental image), the principle of spatial equivalence (parts of a mental image are arranged in a way that corresponds to the way that the parts of the physical object are arranged), the principle of perceptual equivalence (similar processes are activated in the brain when the objects are imagined as when they are perceived), the principle of transformational equivalence (imagined transformations and physical transformations are governed by the same laws of motion), the principle of structural equivalence (the mental imagery exhibits structural features corresponding to those of the perceived object such that the relations between the object's parts can be both preserved and interpreted).
Finke Ronald: CREATIVE IMAGERY (Lawrence Erlbaum, 1990)
A book devoted to the psychological phenomenon that people can detect emergent patterns in imagery even if they were not aware of them when the image was formed. Most of these recognitions occur only when people inspect their images.
Finke Ronald: CREATIVE COGNITION (MIT Press, 1992)
A study of creativity in terms of the cognitive processes and structures that make it possible. The model includes a generative phase, in which mental representations (or "preinventive" structures) that promote creative discovery, and an exploratory phase, in which they are interpreted in meaningful ways.
Gary Fireman, Ted McVay and Owen Flanagan: NARRATIVE AND CONSCIOUSNESS (Oxford Univ Press, 2003)
Fisher Ronald Aylmer: THE GENETICAL THEORY OF NATURAL SELECTION (Dover, 1929)
Seminal work that highlighted how genes from the parents are reshuffled in each new generation. Fisher used sophisticated mathematics in dealing with evolution, thereby providing a scientific account of how a distribution of genes in a population will change as a result of natural selection.
Flanagan Owen: DREAMING SOULS (Oxford Univ Press, 2000)
Flanagan Owen: CONSCIOUSNESS RECONSIDERED (MIT Press, 1992)
Flanagan's book is a technical introduction to the philosophical issues concerning consciousness: neurobiological models of the brain, qualia, the distinction of self and nonself, identity, etc. It reviews and criticizes contemporary and ancient theories of the mind. Consciousness is a natural phenomenon that can be explained by science. Consciousness is a heterogeneous set of processes, not a substance or an object. There is no real "self": the self emerges as a product of those processes occurring in the same physical body.
Flanagan Owen: THE SCIENCE OF THE MIND (MIT Press, 1991)
Descartes' dualism violates the principle of conservation of energy. William James' work is the first formulation of the naturalistic position in the philosophy of mind: the mental is physical, although it cannot be explained by mechanical laws, and it has an evolutionary purpose; consciousness is not an entity, but a function. Flanagan reviews Freud's psychoanalysis, Skinner's behaviorism, Piaget's and Kohlberg's theories of cognitive development, the main themes of Cognitive Science and Artificial Intelligence, and Wilson's sociobiology.
Flanagan Owen: CONSCIOUSNESS RECONSIDERED (MIT Press, 1992)
A review of phenomena related to consciousness, from qualia to multiple personalities.
Flood Raymond & Lockwood Michael: NATURE OF TIME (Basil Blackwell, 1986)
A collection of essays about the arrow of time (time's inherent directionality, in spite of the apparent symmetricity of the fundamental laws of nature) and the second law of thermodynamics (the only law of nature which is not symmetric).
Fodor Jerry: CONCEPTS (Oxford Univ Press, 1998)
Fodor summarizes the representational theory of mind in a finite number of theses: 1. Psychological explanation is nomic (has to do with mental states); 2. Mental representations are the primitive bearers of intentional content; 3. Thinking is computation; 4. Meaning is information.
Fodor, Jerry: THE MIND DOESN'T WORK THAT WAY (MIT Press, 2000)
Fodor Jerry: LANGUAGE OF THOUGHT (Crowell, 1975)
Fodor's computational theory of the mind views the mind as a special symbolic processor. Propositional attitudes can be explained by assigning a symbolic memory to each possible attitude (hope, desire, fear, etc) and and each symbol to one of the possible propositions. A proposition in an attitude constitutes a propositional attitude. Each symbol is a "mental representation" and the mind is endowed with a set of rules to operate on such representations. Cognitive life is the transformation of those rules. Mental representations constitute a language of thought, "mentalese".
Fodor Jerry: REPRESENTATIONS (MIT Press, 1981)
A collection of philosophical essays on the representational theory of the mind.
Fodor Jerry: MODULARITY OF THE MIND (MIT Press, 1983)
Fodor advances a theory of the mind that exsumes Gall's view of vertical faculties. Cognitive faculties can be divided in vertical faculties (which are domain-specific, genetically determined, computationally autonomous and associated with distinct neural structures) and horizontal faculties. Modular cognitive systems are vertical faculties. systems of input analysis and systems that subserve the fixation of belief.
Fodor Jerry: A THEORY OF CONTENT (MIT Press, 1990)
A collection of papers on Fodor's theory of mental content.
Fodor Jerry & Lepore Ernest: HOLISM (Basil Blackwell, 1992)
The book is a critical survey of the theory that only whole languages or whole belief systems really have meanings; and the meanings of smaller units are merely derivative. Each chapter attacks the thinking of an influential philosopher: Quine, Davidson, Lewis, Dennett, Block and Churchland.
Fodor Jerry: THE ELM AND THE EXPERT (MIT Press, 1994)
A lively introduction to the issues of the mental language plus a critique of the critique of his theory. His opponents' claim that referential semantics cannot provide a robust theory of intentional explanation is rebuffed by positing that psychological laws are intentional, psychological processes are computational and the semantic properties of mental representations are referential (semantics is purely informational).
Forbus Kenneth & DeKleer Johan: BUILDING PROBLEM SOLVERS (MIT Press, 1993)
A textbook that focuses on truth maintenance systems.
Forrest Stephanie: EMERGENT COMPUTATION (MIT Press, 1991)
A collection of papers on the topic of emergent computation. Most papers assume that physical systems exist that can support computation, and analyze under which conditions computational processes may come to be spontaneously.
Fox Ronald: ENERGY AND THE EVOLUTION OF LIFE (John Wiley, 1982)
Franklin Stan: ARTIFICIAL MINDS (MIT Press, 1995)
An excellent interdisciplinary survey of artificial intelligence, cognitive science, artificial life, neurobiology. Franklin presents recent theories of the mind by Chalmers, Sloman, Griffin, Minsky, Ornstein; describes the SOAR cognitive architecture, Brooks' subsumption architectures, Brustoloni's autonomous agents, Drescher's schemata, Kanerva's sparse distributed memory, Edelman's neural darwinism, Maturana's autopoiesis. discusses Dreyfus' and Penrose's critiques of artificial intelligence; introduces the theory of dynamic systems.
Freeman Walter: MASS ACTION IN THE NERVOUS SYSTEM (Academic Press, 1975)
Freeman Walter: SOCIETIES OF BRAINS (Erlbaum, 1995)
Frith, Chris & Wolpert, Daniel: THE NEUROSCIENCE OF SOCIAL INTERACTION (Oxford University Press, 2003)
Frost Richard: INTRODUCTION TO KNOWLEDGE BASED SYSTEMS (MacMillan, 1986)
A comprehensive introduction on how we can build systems that are capable of storing and processing complex pieces of knowledge. Notions and techniques from database technology, formal logic, expert systems research and advances in natural language (each of which are discussed at length in a very scientific manner) are linked to yield the foundations of a complete and unified theory of knowledge representation.
Fuller Buckminster: COSMOGRAPHY ( Macmillan, 1992)
A posthumous scenario for the future of humanity.
Fuller Richard Buckminster: SYNERGETICS: EXPLORATIONS IN THE GEOMETRY OF THINKING (Macmillan, 1975)
A monumental and visionary work that diverges sharply from orthodox science. "Synergy" is the behavior of a whole that cannot be explained by the parts taken separately. Synergetics is a discipline that employs 60-degree coordination instead of the usual 90-degree coordination and that studies system in a holistic (rather than reductionistic) way. Synergetics is a variation on geometrics, the discipline of configurations (or patterns). the triangle (and tetrahedron) instead of the square (and the cube).
Fuller Buckminster: COSMOGRAPHY (Macmillan, 1992)
A recapitulation of Fuller's synergetics which intermingles Einstein's Relativity and the history of mankind, theorems in three-dimensional geometry and humanitarian considerations. Fuller's thought is inspired by one of hiw own inventions, the geodesic dome (1954), a structure that exploits a very efficient way of enclosing space and that gets stronger as it gets larger.
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