Additions to the Bibliography on Mind and Consciousness
compiled by Piero Scaruffi
My book on Consciousness
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(Copyright © 2000 Piero Scaruffi | Legal restrictions )
Nagel Thomas: THE FINAL WORD (Oxford Univ Press, 1998)
Nagel Thomas: MORTAL QUESTIONS (Cambridge Univ Press, 1979)
Contains the famous "What is it like to be a bat": we can learn all about the brain mechanism of a bat's sonar system without having the slightest idea of what it is like to have the sonar experiences of a bat.
Nagel Thomas: "Mind and Cosmos" (Oxford Univ Press, 2012)
Nagel Thomas: THE VIEW FROM NOWHERE (Oxford Univ Press, 1986)
Neal Stephen: DESCRIPTIONS (MIT Press, 1990)
Neal's semantic theory is based on Bertrand Russell's theory of descriptions.
Neisser Ulric: COGNITION AND REALITY (Freeman, 1975)
Neisser Ulric: CONCEPTS AND CONCEPTUAL DEVELOPMENT (Cambridge University Press, 1987)
Neisser identifies five kinds of self-knowledge: the ecological self (situated in the environment), the "interpersonal self" (situated in the society of selves), both based on perception, the private self, the conceptual self and the narrative self.
Neisser Ulric: CONCEPTS RECONSIDERED (Cambridge Univ Press, 1994)
A collection of papers, including Barsalou's 1987 "The instability of graded structures", which proved that concepts are not stable structures (concepts are built on the fly, given the context, and each instance can be quite different from the previous one).
Neisser Ulric: THE REMEMBERING SELF (Cambridge University Press, 1994)
A collection of articles on the "narrative self", the fact that human beings remember what happened to them. Remembering is a skill that must be learned. Thus, the remembering self must have a development of its own.
Neisser Ulric: THE PERCEIVED SELF (Cambridge Univ Press, 1994)
A collection of articles from distinguished authors on the "ecological self" (situated in the environment) and the "interpersonal self" (situated in the society of selves).
Nelson Katherine: LANGUAGE IN COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT (Cambridge University Press, 1996)
Nelson Raymond: LOGIC OF MIND (Kluwer Academics, 1989)
The book presents a comprehensive and ambitious theory of the mind as a computational system made of rules that are embodied in the nervous system.
Nesse Randolph and Williams George: WHY WE GET SICK (Times Books, 1994)
A distinguished physician (Nesse) and an evolutionary biologist (Williams) discuss diseases from a darwinian perspective: why do we get sick? They provide evolutionary explanations for the most common human diseases. They also explain sex: sex differentiates individuals in order to survive pathogens (parasites), i.e. if all individuals were identical, it would take only one pathogen to kill the entire population.
Neumann, Erich: THE ORIGINS AND HISTORY OF CONSCIOUSNESS (Princeton Univ Press, 1954)
Newell Allen & Simon Herb: HUMAN PROBLEM SOLVING (Prentice-Hall, 1972)
A gigantic study on human behavior from the point of view of information processing and one of the milestones of cognitive science.
Newell Allen & Rosenbloom Paul: THE SOAR PAPERS (MIT Press, 1993)
A collection of papers on the unified cognitive architecture developed over a decade by Rosenbloom, John Laird and Allen Newell that attempts to explain how a cognitive system can improve its skills through experience.
Nicolelis, Miguel: "Beyond Boundaries" (Henry Holt, 2011)
Newell Allen: UNIFIED THEORIES OF COGNITION (Harvard Univ Press, 1990)
Nicolis Gregoire & Prigogine Ilya: SELF-ORGANIZATION IN NONEQUILIBRIUM SYSTEMS (Wiley, 1977)
A milestone and monumental work that redefined the way scientists approach natural phenomena and brought self-organizing processes to the forefront of the study of complex systems such as biological and social ones.
Nicolis Gregoire & Prigogine Ilya: EXPLORING COMPLEXITY (W.H.Freeman, 1989)
An introduction to the theory of dynamical systems. After providing examples of self-organization in chemical, cosmological and biological systems, systems are partitioned into conservative systems (which are governed by conservation laws for energy, translational momentum and angular momentum, and give rise to reversible processes) and dissipative systems (which give rise to irreversible processes). Equilibrium states and nonequilibrium constraints are defined operationally, with the emphasis on fluxex between a system and the environment. A system subject to the action of a nonequilibrium constraint becomes susceptible to change as localized tendencies to deviate from equilibrium are amplified, thus becoming sources of innovation and diversification. The potentialities of nonlinearity are dormant at equilibrium but are revelead by nonequilibrium: multiple solutions appear and therefore diversification of behavior becomes possible. Dissipative structures emerge under nonequilibrium conditions. Therefore, nonlinear systems driven away from equilibrium can generate instabilities that lead to bifurcations and symmetry breaking beyond bifurcation. The methodology of phase spaces is introduced to study nonlinear nonequilibrium systems, leading to formal definitions of limit cycles, attractors, fractals, etc. Catastrophe and chaos theories are viewed as special cases. A model of bifurcation and evolution is worked out. The relationship between stochastic and deterministic behavior (between chance and necessity) is analyzed, as well as the origin of irreversibility.
Nicolis Gregoire: INTRODUCTION TO NONLINEAR SCIENCE (Cambridge University Press, 1995)
The ultimate textbook on nonlinear methods for describing complex systems. From an interdisciplinary introduction, the book goes on to introduce in a rigorous manner the vocabulary and tools of invariant manifolds, attractors, fractals, stability, bifurcation analysis, normal forms, chaos, Lyapunov exponents, entropies.
Nilsson Nils: THE MATHEMATICAL FOUNDATIONS OF LEARNING MACHINES (Morgan Kaufmann, 1990)
A revised edition of his seminal 1965 "Learning Machines".
Nilsson Nils: PRINCIPLES OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (Tioga, 1980)
One of the most popular textbooks of artificial intelligence. The focus is on production systems (heuristic search algorithms, resolution and unification, planning systems) with a brief mention of semantic networks.
Noe, Alva: ACTION IN PERCEPTION (MIT Press 2004)
Norretranders Tor: THE USER ILLUSION (Viking, 1998)
Norvig, Peter & Russell, Stuart "Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach" (2009)
Norwich Kenneth: INFORMATION SENSATION AND PERCEPTION (Academic Press, 1993)
Nunberg Geoffrey: THE PRAGMATICS OF REFERENCE (Indiana Univ Linguistic Club, 1978)
There's a fundamental ambiguities in all terms: there is always potentially an infinite number of referents of a term, depending on the context. Nunberg argues that a term cannot have a standard referent, but its referents can be derived one from the other through a number of elementary functions (such as "owner of" or "location of") which can be recursively applied in any combination.
Nunez, Paul: "Brain, Mind, and the Structure of Reality" (Oxford Univ Press, 2010)
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