Donald Davidson
(Copyright © 2005 Piero Scaruffi | Legal restrictions - Termini d'uso )

Philosophy of Mind
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Synopsis:
  • Anomalous monism: the mental and the neural are not the same thing, even if there is only one substance, a physical substance
  • "Token Identity theory": any mental state is identical to a physical state, but the physical state corresponding to a given mental state is not necessarily always the same one (two people can have the same feeling and the same person can have the same feeling twice without having every single neuron in the same state both times)
  • Every mental event is a physical event, but it is not possible to reduce mental properties to physical properties (there exist no "psychopsysical" laws)
  • The language of Psychology cannot be reduced to the language of Physics
  • The mental is ultimately physical, but there is no way to explain a mental event in terms of physical events
  • "Truth-conditional semantics": Tarski defined truth based on meaning, Davidson defines meaning based on truth.
  • The meaning of a sentence is defined as what it would be if the sentence were true
  • The task for a theory of meaning is to generate all meta-sentences (or "T-sentences") for all sentences in the language through a recursive procedure
  • To know the meaning of a sentence is to know the conditions under which the sentence would be true

(Copyright © 2005 Piero Scaruffi | Legal restrictions - Termini d'uso )