George Lakoff
(Copyright © 2005 Piero Scaruffi | Legal restrictions - Termini d'uso )

Philosophy of Mind
Philosophy of Language
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Synopsis:
  • Language is grounded in our bodily experience
  • Language is embodied, which means that its structure reflects our bodily experience
  • Our bodily experience creates concepts that are then abstracted into syntactic categories.
  • Syntax is a direct consequence of our bodily experience, not an innate property
  • Grammar is shared (to some degree) by all humans for the simple reason that we all share roughly the same bodily experience
  • All metaphors are ultimately based on our bodily experience
  • Metaphor = the process of experiencing something in terms of something else
  • The human conceptual system is metaphorical in nature, as most concepts are understood in terms of other concepts
  • Language comprehension always consists in comprehending something in terms of another
  • All our concepts are of metaphorical nature and are based on our physical experience
  • We understand the world through metaphors, and we do so without any effort, automatically and unconsciously
  • Language was created to deal with physical objects, and later extended to non-physical objects by means of metaphors
  • Conceptual metaphors transport properties from structures of the physical world to non-physical structures
  • Metaphor is central to our understanding of the world and the self
  • Metaphor is pervasive is that it is biological: our brains are built for metaphorical thought
  • Metaphorical language is but one aspect of our metaphorical brain
  • Language was created to deal with physical objects, and later extended to non-physical objects by means of metaphors
  • Conceptual metaphors transport properties from structures of the physical world to non-physical structures
  • Metaphor is central to our understanding of the world and the self
  • Metaphor is pervasive is that it is biological: our brains are built for metaphorical thought
  • Metaphorical language is but one aspect of our metaphorical brain

(Copyright © 2005 Piero Scaruffi | Legal restrictions - Termini d'uso )