Willard Quine
(Copyright © 2005 Piero Scaruffi | Legal restrictions - Termini d'uso )

Philosophy of Science
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Synopsis:
  • Purely analythic truths do not exist: all truth depends on both language and facts
  • Even Logic and Mathematics are, ultimately, empirical
  • A statement alone cannot be verified: only the totality of statements (science in its totality) can be verified
  • A hypothesis is verified true or false only relative to background assumptions
  • Each statement in a theory partially determines the meaning of every other statement in the same theory
  • The structure of concepts is determined by the positions that their constituents occupy in the "web of belief" of the individual
  • No part of a scientific theory can be proved or disproved; only the whole can
  • Several different theories may offer equally plausible accounts of the same situation
  • Scientific theories are "undetermined" by experience
  • There are infinite interpretations of a discourse depending on the context
  • A single word has no meaning, its referent is "inscrutable"
  • Words have a meaning only relative to the other words they are connected to in the sentences that we assume to be true
  • The meaning of a sentence depends on the interpretation of the entire language. Its meaning can even change in time.
  • The meaning of language is not in the mind of the speaker
  • It is impossible to define what a "correct" translation of a statement is from one language to another, because that depends on the interpretations of both entire languages.
  • Translation from one language to another is indeterminate
  • Translation is possible only from the totality of one language to the totality of another language

(Copyright © 2005 Piero Scaruffi | Legal restrictions - Termini d'uso )