Nuclear Electricity Generation (2001)

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Country Nuclear Electricity (billion kWh) Nuclear Electricity (% of all electricity) Reactors (number) Uranium Needs (tonnes per year)
USA 768.8 20 104 20749
France 401.3 77 59 10199
Japan 321.9 34 54 7578
Germany 162.3 31 19 3657
Russia 125.4 15 30 3460
S. Korea 112.1 39 17 2453
Britain 82.3 23 31 2595
Canada 72.3 13 14 1562
Ukraine 71.7 46 13 1908
Sweden 69.2 44 11 1533
Spain 61.1 29 9 1617
Belgium 44.1 58 7 1109
Taiwan 35 22 6 961
Switzerland 25.3 36 5 598
Finland 21.9 31 4 549
Bulgaria 18.2 42 6 621
India 17.3 3.7 14 312
Slovak Rep. 17.1 53 6 525
China 16.7 1.1 7 677
Czech 14.7 20 5 509
Brazil 14.3 4.3 2 299
Hungary 14.1 39 4 417
Southafrica 13.3 6.7 2 361
Lithuania 11.4 78 2 359
Mexico 8.1 3.7 2 233
Argentina 6.5 8.2 2 133
Romania 5.1 11 1 90
Slovenia 5.0 39 1 130
Netherlands 3.7 4.2 1 115
Armenia 2.0 35 1 69
Pakistan 2.0 2.9 2 56
WORLD 2544 16 441 65,434

(Source: Uranium Information Centre)


Production of Uranium

Main countries that produce uranium:
  1. Canada (33%)
  2. South Africa (22%)
  3. Australia (13.8%)
  4. Central Asia (8.1%)
  5. USA (6.7%)
  6. Russia (6.5%)
  7. France (3.2%)
Main companies:
  1. Cameco-Uranerz (Canada, 31%)
  2. Cogema (France, 14%)
  3. Energy Resource of Australia (Australia, 11%)
  4. Rio Tinto (Britain, 6%)
  5. Priargunskiy (Russia, 6%)
  6. Western Mining Corporation (Australia, 4%)
  7. KazAtomProm (Kazakhstan, 3%)
  8. Navoi (Uzbekistan)

The largest known reserves are located in Australia, Kazakhstan, Canada, Uzbekistan, Brazil, Niger, South Africa, Russia and the USA. Canada accounts for about one third of the world's uranium production. Uranium is about 500 times more abundant than gold on Earth. However, at the current rate of consumption, these reserves will run out within 50 years. Mine production has consistently declined while demand continued to rise 1%-2% per annum. Over the last decades, consumption has consistently outstripped production by a ratio of almost 2:1. Spent reactor fuel can be reprocessed to extract more uranium. Reprocessed uranium (particularly from the old stockpiles of Soviet and USA nuclear weapons) is likely to become a significant source of uranium in the future.


Increase in nuclear power energy 1993-2002

  1. China +4,590%
  2. Brazil +732%
  3. Pakistan +244%
  4. India +195%
  5. Mexico +149%
  6. South Korea +111%
  7. Czech Republic +48%
  8. Slovakia +47%
  9. Slovenia +41%
  10. Japan +39%
  11. South Africa +29%
  12. France +29%
  13. USA +26%
Source: International Energy Administration
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