(These are excerpts from my book "Intelligence is not Artificial")
The Future of Miniaturization: the Next big Breakthrough?
If i am right and the widely advertised progress in machine intelligence is mainly due to rapid progress in miniaturization and cost reduction, then it would be more interesting to focus on the future of miniaturization. Whatever miniaturization achieves next is likely to determine the "intelligence" of future machines.
While IBM's Watson was stealing the limelight with its ability to answer trivia questions, others at IBM were achieving impressive results in Nanotechnology. In 1989 Don Eigler's team at IBM's Almaden Research Center, using the scanning tunneling microscope built in 1981 by Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer, carried out a spectacular manipulation of atoms that resulted in the atoms forming the three letters "IBM". In 2012 Andreas Heinrich's team (in the same research center) stored one magnetic bit of data in 12 atoms of iron, and a byte of data in 96 atoms; and in 2013 that laboratory "released" a movie titled "A Boy and His Atom" made by moving individual atoms.
This ability to trap, move and position individual atoms using temperature, pressure and energy could potentially create a whole new genealogy of machines.
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