(These are excerpts from my book "Intelligence is not Artificial")
The Intelligence of Super-human Intelligence
What does it take for machine intelligence to reach the point of human-level intelligence?
One is tempted to answer: just build an electronic replica of a human brain. If we replaced each and every neuron in your brain with an electronic chip, i am not sure that you would still be "you" but your brain should still yield a form of human intelligence, wouldn't it?
Unfortunately, we are pretty far from implementing that full replica of your brain (note that i keep saying "your" and not "mine"). It is a bit discouraging that the smallest known brain, the brain of the roundworm (300 neurons connected by a few thousand synapses) is still smarter than the smartest neural network ever built.
If you think that this hypothetical electronic replica of your brain would not be as smart as you, then you are implying that the very "stuff" of which the brain is made is important in itself; but then machine intelligence is impossible because machines are not made of that "stuff".
And, again, can a machine reach human-level intelligence without consciousness? Is consciousness required in order to be as smart as Einstein? Could a machine be as smart as Einstein without having any feelings and emotions?
Does "machine intelligence" require all of you, including the mysterious inscrutable silent existence that populates your skull, the vast unexplored land of unspoken thoughts and feelings that constitutes "you"? What i hear when i listen to you is just a tiny fraction of what you are thinking and feeling. What i see when i watch you is just a tiny fraction of what you thought of doing, dreamed of doing, and plan doing. When i hear a robot talk, that is the one and only thing that it "wants" to say. When i see it move, that is the one and only thing that it wants to do.
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