Gilberto Gil (from Bahia), who had debuted with
the four-song EP Gilberto Gil (1963),
had two major hits with
Louvacao (1965), interpreted by Elis Regina, and
Aquele Abraco (1969), besides the formative
Ensaio Geral (1966), the era-defining song
Domingo no Parque (1967) and the historical album
Tropicalia ou Panis et Circensis (1968),
before he had to leave Brazil for political reasons.
During his three years of exile in Britain, he familiarized himself with rock
music. When he returned to Brazil, he concocted the pop-samba-rock fusion of
Expresso 2222 (1972) and Refazenda (1975).
Doces Bararos (1976) was a supergroup made up of Gil, Veloso, Gal Costa and Maria Bethania.
He turned to jazz
with Nightingale (1978) and Realce (1979).
Now an international pop star, Gil released middle-of-the-road collections such
as Luar (1981), Um Banda Um (1982), Extra (1983), and
increasingly veered towards reggae and salsa.
Palco (1982) was his biggest hit.
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