Kamal Amrohi

Best films:
7.2 Pakeezah (1971)

Kamal Amrohi (India, 1918), a Muslim born as Syed Amir Haider Kamal Naqvi, who had scripted Karim Asif's debut film, Phool (1945), debuted in Hindi with Bollywood's first horror movie, Mahal/ Mansion (1949), produced by Savak Vacha and Ashok Kumar for Bombay Talkies, which became Bombay Talkies' biggest hit, scored by Khemchand Prakash (with songs that launched the career of female singers Lata Mangeshkar and Rajkumari Dubey, notably Aayega Aanewala/ He'll Come, who has to Come for the former), and starring Ashok Kumar (who also produced) and a 16-year-old Madhubala (born Mumtaz Dehlavi). The film was influenced by German expressionism and film noir, thanks in part to Josef Wirsching’s cinematography. Amrohi only directed three more films: the semi-autobiographic Daaera (1953), the musical melodrama Pakeezah (begun in 1958 and completed only in 1971), which is possibly his best, starring Meena Kumari with music by Ghulam Mohammed and Naushad Ali, and the biopic Razia Sultan (1983). He was also a poet (both in Urdu and Hindi).

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7.2 Pakeezah (1971)