Abdur Kardar

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Abdur Kardar (India, 1904), originally from Lahore, joined the East India Film Company in Kolkata and directed conventional melodramas in Hindi such as Aurat Ka Pyar (1933) and Sultana (1934).

In 1937 Kardar moved to Mumbai and, after directing Hindi films such as Pagal (1940), for Chandulal Shah's Ranjit Movietone, and Pooja/ Worship (1940), scripted by Mohammed Sadiq and scored by Anil Biswas, in 1940 started his own Kardar Productions.

Naushad Ali composed the music for Kardar's films Sharda (1942), Nai Duniya (1942) and Kanoon/ The Law (1943), all featuring the teenage playback singer Suraiya. The collaboration with Naushad led to Pehle Aap (1944), scripted by Rama Shankar Choudhury, to the blockbuster Shahjehan (1946), written by Kamal Amrohi and featuring actress Ragini and actor Kundan Lal Saigal, and the musicals for Suraiya, now a singing star of India's cinema: Dard/ Pain (1947), Dillagi/ The Jest (1949), Dastan (1950). Kardar and Naushad also collaborated on Dulari (1949), starring Madhubala. But their collaboration was coming to an end. Kardar's last hits were scored by other composers: Baap Re Baap (1955) by Omkar Prasad Nayyar and Dil-E-Nadaan (1953) by Ghulam Mohammed.

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