Dilip Kumar


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One of the three mega-stars of Indian cinema of the 1950s, Dilip Kumar (a Muslim born Mohammed Yusuf Khan in 1922) was credited with pioneering "method acting" in Indian cinema. He became a star thanks to two early blockbusters: Jugnu/ Firefly (1947), directed by Shaukat Hussain Rizvi and scored by Feroz Nizami, and Shaheed/ The Martyr (1948), directed by Ramesh Saigal. Among Kumar's best films were: Mela/ The Fair (1948), directed by Sami Ullah Sunny, Andaz (1949), directed by Mehboob Khan, the only film paired him with rival actor Raj Kapoor, Jogan (1950), directed by Kidar Nath Sharma, Babul (1950), directed by Sami Ullah Sunny, Deedar (1951), directed by Nitin Bose, Tarana/ Anthem (1951), the first film to pair him with actress Madhubala (born Mumtaz Jehan Begum Dehlavi), directed by Ram Daryani with music by Anil Biswas, Daag (1952), directed by Amiya Chakravarty, Aan (1952), directed by Mehboob Khan, Shikast (1953), directed by Ramesh Saigal, Footpath (1953), written and directed by Zia Sarhadi, Amar/ Immortal (1954), directed by Mehboob Khan, Azaad (1955), directed by Sriramulu Naidu and written by Rajendra Krishan, Devdas (1955), directed by Bimal Roy, Uran Khatola (1955), directed by Sunny, Insaniyat (1955), directed by SS Vasan and the only film he shared with rival actor Dev Anand, a remake of Subba Rao's Palletoori Pilla (1950), Naya Daur/ New Age (1957), directed by Baldev Raj Chopra, Yahudi (1958), directed by Bimal Roy, Madhumati (1958), directed and produced by Bimal Roy and written by Ritwik Ghatak, Paigham (1959), directed by SS Vasan and written by Ramanand Sagar, Kohinoor (1960), directed by Sunny, the big-budget epic Mughal-e-Azam/ The Emperor of the Mughals (1960), directed by Asif Karim (aka K Asif), which broke all previous box-office records, Ganga Jamna (1961), the only film he ever produced, co-directed with Nitin Bose and starring also actress Vyjayanthimala and scored by composer Naushad Ali, Leader (1964), directed by Ram Mukherjee and written by Kumar himself, Ram Aur Shyam/ Ram And Shyam (1967), directed by Tapi Chanakya and written by Datla Venkata Narasaraju, which was a remake of Chanakya's Telugu film Ramudu Bheemudu (1964), Milan (1967), directed by Adurthi Subba Rao, Sagina Mahto (1970), directed by Tapan Sinha, Kranti (1981), directed by Manoj Kumar and written by Salim Khan and Javed Akhtar, Shakti/ Power (1982), directed by Ramesh Sippy and written by Salim Khan and Javed Akhtar, and two collaborations with director Subhash Ghai and screenwriters Sachin Bhowmick and Kader Khan, namely Vidhaata (1982) and Karma (1986).
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