Oliver Stone (USA, 1946), who had scripted
Alan Parker's Midnight Express,
Brian De Palma's Scarface and
Year of the Dragon, directed
Platoon (1986) is a war movie that mainly explores the psychology of
fear. The movie has intensity and passion, but is too long and stereotyped.
Taylor is a soldier in the American army, one of the many in the
Vietnamese invasion. He is stressed, disappointed, disgusted.
The long and exhausting treks in the jungle, the continuous sights of death,
the suspense that reigns over their every move, the arguments between soldiers,
are taking a toll on his psyche.
The platoon is run by a rude but effective sergeant with a scar, Barnes,
who often does not even consult with the commander. The only one who doesn't
take orders from him is Elias, an experience and much more humane soldier.
Barnes takes a few of the
soldier with him for a mission in the jungle.
Taylor is inexperienced and not very motivated. When the Vietnamese attack the
camp, he is petrified and almost lets them surprise everybody. He gets a little
scratch and almost faints.
Back to the barracks, he is assigned to humble chores, is initiated to drugs by
Again in the jungle, they find one of them tortured by the vietnamese.
Elias behaves like a native of the jungle.
Later they stumble into a village. The Americans terrorize the peasants.
Even Taylor loses his temper and terrorizes a young man who was hiding.
The kid is half blind. Taylor breaks down. Another soldier smashes the skull
of the kid and then jokes about it.
The evil Barnes is interrogating a man when the wife intervenes and starts
shouting. Barnes shoots her. The daughter of the dead woman starts
screaming. Barnes grabs the child and threatens to shoot her too if
the man does not talk. Elias arrives just in time and jumps on
Barnes. The two fight like animals until the commander stops them
and commands them to burn the village.
The Americans leave the smoking ruins of the
village. Back to the barracks, Elias wants Barnes courtmartialed, but the matter
is postponed by the superiors. The groups splits in two: the animals who side
with Barnes, and the humans who side with Elias.
The platoon falls in an ambush. The casualties are heavy and it rains.
Taylor gets carried away. Elias is leading the charge. Barnes orders Taylor
and the others to withdraw and promises to alert Elias. Elias is alone fighting
the enemy like a lion, and Barnes is following him. Barnes shoots Elias who
is smiling at him. Taylor, who sensed trouble, arrives too late: Barnes tells
him that Elias is dead and that they have to leave.
Everybody leaves on the helicopters, but as they are taking off they see one
of their man running, chased by the vietnamese: it's Elias, still alive,
who would have escaped if they had not taken off. Taylor tells the other
soldiers what happened, that Barnes is responsible for Elias' death.
Then the real battle erupts. The vietcong overrun the Americans and massacre
almost all of them. Even in the middle of the battle, Barnes proves to be
an animal and almost kills Taylor. The Americans bomb the area to stop the
advance of the vietcongs, and this saves Taylor's life. When he comes to life
again, he is surrounded by corpses. He wanders through the mass of corpses
until he finds Barnes, wounded but still alive. Taylor executes Barnes in
Taylor is one of the few survivors, is rescued by a patrol and is transported
to a military hospital.
The villagers are petrified.
Taylor witnessed senseless acts of cruelty against
unarmed peasants, but, more telling, the
indifference of the soldiers.
The two sergeants represent two different views of war. One is a crusader,
an idealist who knows what the war is all about;
the other is "reality", as he puts it: war's real face is an animal fight
for survival and domination.
The vietcongs, whom would be the true enemies, remain anonymous, reduced to
natural catastrophe, like the rains and the snakes. The true enemies, the ones
with a face and a name, are within the platoon itself. It is within the platoon
that the real war is fought, between a meaning of life and another.
Wall Street (USA 1987)
e` ambientato nel mondo della borsa ed e` un atto d'accusa nei confronti
del materialismo esasperato.
Un giovane e ambizioso stockbroker lotta quotidianamente per farsi largo
nella giungla di Wall Street. Suo padre e` tutto l'opposto, operaio sindacalista
di un'aviolinea, uomo di vecchio stampo, tutto principi e moralita`.
Il suo problema maggiore e` un potente miliardario.
Questi e` un cinico che usa ogni mezzo, legale e non, per arricchirsi.
Il ragazzo si lascia sedurre e accetta di diventare il suo braccio destro,
coinvolto in tutte le sue amorali imprese. Nel frattempo si invaghisce
di una splendida bionda e con lei sogna di un futuro libero dalla schiavitu`
del suo lavoro. Lei non gli dice di essere stata l'amante del miliardario.
Il ragazzo convince il padre a presenziare un meeting in cui il miliardario
propone di salvare l'aviolinea a modo suo. Tutti sembrano entusiasti, meno
il padre del ragazzo, che si mette a ridere e se ne va sbattendo la porta.
Il ragazzo inveisce contro la sua testardaggine, ma suo padre ha a cuore il
futuro degli impiegati di quella aviolinea e non i piani di espansione del
miliardario. Il giorno dopo il ragazzo si rende conto della verita`:
il miliardario vuole liquidare l'aviolinea e ovviamente
non gli importa nulla delle persone che ci lavorano. Il ragazzo e` colto
finalmente da una crisi esistenziale e manda al diavolo anche la bionda, che
e` piu` fedele al miliardario che a lui.
Intanto la polizia ha iniziato indagini sui loschi giri di denaro
del miliardario e dei suoi collaboratori.
Il padre ha un attacco cardiaco e cio` completa la trasformazione del ragazzo
da avido businessman a rivoluzionario populista.
Il ragazzo escogita un piano per salvare l'aviolinea facendo crollare le
sue azioni e poi facendole comprare da un altro finanziere. Il miliardario
perde una fortuna e l'aviolinea e` salva.
La polizia arresta il ragazzo e gli offre come via d'uscita
di aiutarli a incastrare il miliardario. Il ragazzo va a un appuntamento
con il miliardario. Il miliardario lo picchia e insulta, gli rinfaccia di
averlo creato dal nulla. Il ragazzo lascia fare: ha addosso un registratore
che mandera` in galera il miliardario.
Then came Talk Radio (1988), an adaptation of Eric Bogosian's play,
the Vietnam War movie Born on the Fourth of July (1989),
the biopic The Doors (1991),
the historical reconstruction JFK (1991),
and the third Vietnam War movie, Heaven & Earth (1993).
The violent Natural Born Killers (1994), a story of
a psychopathic couple on the run, feels like a cross between
Kubrick's A Clockwork Orange and Arthur Penn's Bonnie and Clyde .
It was followed by
the biopic Nixon (1995),
the road movie U Turn (1997),
Any Given Sunday (1999),
the historical Alexander (2004), revised
as a 3-hour 37-minute epic Alexander Revisited,
World Trade Center (2006) about the September 11 terrorist attacks,
the biopic W (2008),
the sequel Wall Street - Money Never Sleeps (2010),
Savages (2012), an adaptation of Don Winslow's novel,
the biopic Snowden (2016),
(Translation by/ Tradotto da xxx) |
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