In the 2000s Swedish saxophonist Mats Gustafsson (1964) was one of the main practitioners of extended techniques.
Gustafsson formed Gush with keyboardist Sten Sandell and drummer Raymond Strid.
Tjo och tjim (August 1989) with Sven-Ake Johansson.
From Things to Sounds (octobre 1990),
Gushwachs (may 1994) with violinist/violist Phil Wachsmann (on which Gustafsson played French flageolett, soprano saxophone, baritone saxophone and fluteophone),
none of which is particularly exciting.
Electric Eel (november 1996), containing only two lengthy pieces, and
Norrkoping (may 2003), containing three,
were much better.
Gustafsson was prolific but rarely did his recordings achieve artistic peaks.
Nothing to Read (march 1991) documents two live improvisations with percussionist Paul Lovens.
Lovens, Gustafsson and bassist Barry Guy recorded Mouth Eating Trees and Related Activities (december 1992), one of his best performances yet.
Parrot Fish Eye (october 1994) contains duets with percussionist Michael Zerang and recordings with bassist Gene Coleman and guitarist Jim O'Rourke.
Christmann/Gustafsson/Lovens (december 1994) was a live concert with Lovens and Gunter Christmann on cello and trombone.
You Forget to Answer (july 1995) collects improvisations with Barry Guy and Raymond Strid.
Gryffgryffgryffs (january 1996) documents a concert with Barry Guy, Raymond Strid and pianist Marilyn Crispell.
The "pasta concept" Battuto (october 1996) featured guitarist John Corbett, violinist Terri Kapsalis and cellist Fred Lonberg-Holm and includes the monumental Fusilli Bucati Lunghi.
Improvisors (march 1996) was an unedited improvisation with
with hyper-vocalist Jaap Blonk and percussionist Michael Zerang,
replicated with the same title in june 1996 with vocalist Jaap Blonk and Bart Van Der Putten on alto sax and clarinet.
The EP Lennart (april 1997), credited to Two Slices of Acoustic Car, contains five brief duets with guitarist Christian Munthe.
Frogging (june 1997) was a collaboration with bassist Barry Guy that included Hyla Gratiosa (15.14).
One to (Two) (august 1997) was a duo with Gunter Christmann on cello and trombone.
Background Music (january 1998) was a trio with fellow saxofonist Guillermo Gregorio and percussionist Kjell Nordeson.
Apertura (january 1998) was a lengthy 65-minute improvisation with David Grubbs on harmonium, and one of the best of the bunch.
Sticky Tongues And Kitchen Knives (january 1999) was credited to Mats Gustafsson & His All-Stars but was just duets with John Corbett on CD players, turntables, mixing board and electric guitar.
They Were Gentle And Pretty Pigs (february 1999) was a trio with Greg
Goodman (prepared piano) and George Cremaschi (contrabass).
Trees and Truths (april 2000) were duets with fellow saxophonists Hakan Blomkvist.
Hidros 3 (october 2000) was a collaboration with the rock band Sonic Youth.
I Love it when you Snore (november 2001) were duets (on baritone sax) with percussionist Paal Nilssen-Love.
Meanwhile, since the mid-1990s Gustafsson had joined Chicago's improvising community.
His first collaboration with Ken Vandermark was the quartet FJF (with drummer Steve Hunt and bassist Kent Kessler) that recorded Blow Horn (october 1995) with Dedication (13.36), Blow Horn for Service (12.12) and the first version of his chamber composition Structure a la Malle (14.31).
With percussionist Hamid Drake he recorded the untitled improvisations of For Don Cherry (october 1995).
Xylophonen Virtuosen (september 1999) was a duo with guitarist Jim O'Rourke (and no xylophones).
Port Huron Picnic (may 1999) was a trio with
guitarist Kurt Newman and percussionist Mike Gennaro.
Gustafsson also played in Peter Brotzmann's various Chicago octets and tentets.
Peter Brotzmann and Mat Gustafsson fronted the Wild Mans Band, mostly a quartet, on The Wild Mans Band (november 1997), Three Rocks And A Pine (september 1999) and The Darkest River (may 2001),
Sonore was Gustafsson, Vandermark and Brotzmann, documented only
No one ever Works Alone (october 2003),
Only the Devil has no Dreams (september 2006) and
Call Before you Dig (december 2008).
His first proper solo album was the "concept opera" The Education of Lars Jerry (october 1995) on which he played tenor saxophone, baritone saxophone, French flageolet and fluteophone.
The CD-ROM Impropositions (june 1996) was more ambitious but still fairly fragmented.
Windows (january 1999) was a Steve Lacy tribute.
Slide (february 2005) was a 36-minute solo slide saxophone piece and
Catapult (january 2005) was a series of baritone sax solos.
The Vilnius Implosion (february 2008) collects solos for baritone sax, slide sax and alto fluteophone.
He performed live his major composition Hidros One (october 1997) with an ensemble featuring Sandell, Guy, Strid, Christmann, Fred Longberg-Holm, trumpeter Axel Dorner, Per-Ake Holmlander (tuba, cimbasso, aluminium tube), and fellow reedist Fredrik Ljungkvist.
The AALY Trio with drummer Kjell Nordeson and bassist Peter Janson in a collaboration with Ken Vandermark was documented on
Hidden In The Stomach (december 1996),
Stumble (january 1998),
Double or Nothing (september 1999), possibly the best one (just three pieces),
Live at the Glen Miller Cafe (march 1999) and
I Wonder if I was Screaming (march 2000).
Pipeline (2013), containing two lengthy pieces (the 34-minute Codeine Picasso and the 30-minute In This Very Room) recorded in september 2000, featured Mats Gustafsson, (tenor sax), Ken Vandermark (clarinet and tenor sax), Fredrik Ljungkvist (clarinet, tenor and baritone saxes), Guillermo Gregorio (clarinet and alto sax), Jeb Bishop (trombone), Per-Žke Holmlander (tuba), Joe Morris and David Stacken„s (guitars), Sten Sandell (piano), Jim Baker (ARP synthesizer and piano), Fred Lonberg-Holm (cello), Kent Kessler and Johan Berthling (basses), Michael Zerang, Raymond Strid and Kjell Nordeson (drums, vibes and percussion).
The trio Fire with Johan Berthling (bass, guitar and organ) and drummer Andreas Werlin debuted with You Liked Me Five Minutes Ago (2009). Their second
album Unreleased? (2010) added Jim O'Rourke (guitar, harmonica and synthesizer) and contains four pieces:
Are You Both Still Unreleased? (11:39),
...Please, I Am Released (9:05),
By Whom And Why Am I Previously Unreleased? (3:12),
Happy Ending Borrowing Yours (17:29 ).
In The Mouth - A Hand (october 2011) replaced O'Rourke with
guitarist Oren Ambarchi.
Exit! (january 2012) was perhaps the most ambitious yet, featuring numerous guests next to the trio of Gustafsson, Berthling and Werlin.
For Without Noticing (Rune Grammofon, 2013)
Gustafsson also played keyboards.
The trio Thing with Norwegian bassist Ingebrigt
Haker Flaten and Norwegian drummer Paal Nilssen-Love released:
The Thing (february 2000), with Trans-love Airways (19.17),
She Knows (february 2001) with trumpetist Joe McPhee,
The Music Of Norman Howard (november 2001), a collaboration with Ken Vandermark's School Days,
Live at Bla (june 2003),
Garage (january 2004),
Live At Blå (june 2003)
Action Jazz (december 2005),
the live Immediate Sound (april 2007),
another collaboration with Ken Vandermark featuring the suite Hide Out (38 minutes),
Shinkuju Crawl (october 2007), a collaboration with guitarist Otomo Yoshihide,
Bag It (january 2008), that introduced live electronics,
The Cherry Thing (2012) with vocalist Neneh Cherry.
Shinjuku Growl (february 2008), a collaboration of the Thing with guitarist Jim O'Rourke that resulted in four lengthy pieces:
If Not Ecstatic, We Replay (22:38),
Half A Dog Can't Even Take A Shit (14:50),
I Can't, My Mouth Is Already Full (9:10),
Shinjuku Growl (9:25).
The Thing also collaborated with the Cato Salsa Experience (a Swedish hardcore band) and Joe McPhee on
Sounds Like A Sandwich (2005) and
Two Bands and a Legend (2007).
Mats Gustafsson played live electronics & slide, tenor and baritone saxes on Link (april 2006) that features Christian Marclay on turntables.
Brace For Impact (december 2007) documents duets between Joe McPhee (alto sax and trumpet) and Mats Gustafsson (on sax, flute and live electronics).
Torden Kvartetten was a quartet with bassist Peter Friis Nielsen, drummer Peter Ole Jorgensen, and Per-Ake Holmlander on tuba and trombone, notably on Devil's Last Call (september 2006).
The trio Tarfala with bassist Barry Guy and drummer Raymond Strid released
You Forget to Answer (july 1995), the live Tarfala (october 2006)
the live Syzygy (november 2009),
the live Metal (april 2001) with Barry Guy.
Blues (november 2003) with guitarist David Stackenas;
Critical Mass (july 2004) with pianist Agusti Fernandez;
How to Raise an Ox (2005) with Italian rock trio Zu;
The Vilnius Explosion (february 2008) with Lithuanian musicians;
Sinners Rather than Saints (january 2009) with Barry Guy;
Stones (2011) with Colin Stetson;
Birds (august 2011) with guitarist John Russell and Raymond Strid;
Baro 101 (2012), a trio with Nilssen-Love and Mesele Asmamaw.
Gustafsson also composed chamber music, usually in multimedia contexts:
Back or For-word (1989) for cello, piano, reeds, percussion, voice and video,
Bortviska (1989) for large ensemble,
Korpo II (1996) for tenor sax, bass and percussion,
Mats Gustafsson's Correction,
with Sebastian Bergström (piano), Joacim Nyberg (bass) and Emil Åstrand-Melin (drums),
debuted with the live Two Nights In April (april 2009) and
Shift (may 2012).
The Ex collaborated with Brass Unbound, i.e. the reed quartet of Mats Gustafsson (baritone sax), Ken Vandermark (saxes and clarinet), Wolter Wierbos (trombone) and Roy Paci (trumpet), for Enormous Door (2013).
Verses (march 2013) was the first duo album by Mats Gustafsson and Ken Vandermark.
Vi Ar Alla Guds Slavar/ We Are All Slaves Under God (september 2012) documents a collaboration between Mats Gustafsson and Thurston Moore.
The Thing returned with Boot! (february 2013) and
Shake (june 2015).
Fake The Facts, a
trio with turntablist Dieb13 (aka Dieter Kovacic) and
guitarist Martin Siewert, debuted with
Fake The Facts (april 2011),
containing the electronic, dissonant, 22-minute Zoom;
followed by Soundtrack (january 2013).
Meanwhile, Sin Gas (february 2013) documented a collaboration with
Paal Nilssen-Love on congas.
The Oslo Tapes (august 2013) was a collaboration with
electronic composer Lasse Marhaug.
Guds Slavar/ We Are All Slaves Under God (september 2012) documents a collaboration between Mats Gustafsson and Thurston Moore.
Gustafsson's love for large ensembles led to the
Fire! Orchestra, documented on
Exit (january 2012), Second Exit (september 2012) and
Enter (january 2014), recorded by a 28-unit ensemble
(six reeds, five brass, three keyboardists, four bassists and four drummers)
and consisting of just one epic 44-minute suite.
Constellations (april 2013) documents a collaboration with pianist Agusti Fernandez.
The 5-CD/2-LP/1-DVD box-set Hidros 6 - Knockin' (Not Two, 2014) contains solo performances as well as performances by the NU ensemble and The Thing.
Merzbow (aka Masami Akita) on noise electronics, Mats Gustafsson on sax and clarinet, Thurston Moore on guitar and Balazs Pandi on drums improvised the jams of Cuts Of Guilt, Cuts Deeper (april 2014).
The NU ensemble's Hidros 6 - Knockin' (october 2013) featured Ingebrigt
Håker Flaten and Jon Rune Strom on bass, Per Ake Holmlander on tuba,
dieb13 on turntables, Kjell Nordeson on vibes, drums, flexatone,
glockenspiel, Agusto Fernandez on piano and organ, Christer Bothen on
bass clarinet and guimbri, Joe McPhee on pocket trumpet, tenor sax and
space organ, Peter Evans on trumpets, Stine Janvind Motland on vocals,
and Paal Nilssen-Love on drums.
Fire! returned with She Sleeps, She Sleeps
album Johan Berthling (double bass), Oren Ambarchi (guitar), Andreas Werliin (drums, lap steel guitar) and Leo
Piano Mating (X-Ray, 2015) documents a solo performance on
the vintage electronic keyboard Dubreq Pianomate.
Melt (august 2014)
documents a trio with Lightning Bolt's Brian Chippendale (drums) and Zu's Massimo Pupillo (electric bass)
and contains the 32-minute two-movement Faces Of Fear - Transformed - Melted.
The four-disc boxset MG 50 - Peace & Fire (october 2015) contains
a series of tributes to Gustafsson by the likes of Sven-Ake Johansson, Christof Kurzmann, Guenther Christman, Paul Lovens, Thomas Lehn, The Thing & Ken Vandermark, Agusti Fernandez, Ingebrigt Haker Flaten, Paal Nilssen-Love, and bagpipe player Erwan Keravec.
Gush returned with the live The March (may 2013), containing the 47-minute Barely An Instant Before The March.
The Fire! Orchestra returned with Ritual (december 2015)
with a line-up including
Mette Rasmussen, Jonas Kullhammar, Lotte Anker and Anna
Hogberg on various saxes, Johan Berthling (bass), Per Texas Johansson
(clarinets and sax), Andreas Werliin and Mads Forsby on drums, Andreas
Berthling on electronics, Hild Sofie Tafjord (french horn), Finn Loxbo
and Julien Desprez (guitars), Edvin Nahlin (keyboards), Martin Hederos
(keyboards and violin), Mats ÎáÎíÎåleklint (trombone), Niklas Barno and
Susana Santos Silva (trumpets), Per ÎáÎíÎéke Holmlander (tuba), Mariam
Wallentin and Sofia Jernberg (vocals).
The three long pieces of Collider (november 2014), particularly the 24-minute Moving Map, was recorded by Ken Vandermark's DVK Thing Trio and Mats Gustaffson's The Thing.
Falling And Five Other Failings (2016) was a collaboration with
Christof Kurzmann (vocals and computers).
Blow + Beat (august 2016) documents improvisations with drummer
Gustafsson formed the Nu Ensemble, which recorded the
46-minute piece of Hidros 8 Heal (november 2016), with
Anna Hogberg (alto and baritone saxes), Susana Santos Silva (trumpet), Per Ake Holmlander (tuba), Hedvig Mollestad Thomassen (guitar), Dieb13 (turntables), Christof Kurzmann-lloopp (voice), Massimo Pupillo (bass), Gert-Jan Prins (drums, electronics) and Ivar Loe Bjornstad (drums).
The live Celebration Ensemble (july 2015) contains the 67-minute suite Celebration performed by Agusti Fernandez on piano, Mats Gustafsson & Pablo Ledesma on saxes, Nate Wooley on trumpet, Joe Morris on guitar, Francis-Marie Uitti on cello, Ingar Zach & Nurio Andorra on percussion.
Torturing The Saxophone (recorded between april 2008 and june 2011) contains solos on played tenor and baritone saxes, music box and live electronics,
notably the 22-minute Danny’s Dream.
Fire recorded The Hands (may 2017).
The Thing returned with the three improvisations of Again (july 2017).
Timeless (october 2017) documents duets with
Jason Adasiewicz (vibraphone and balafon).
A new project, Luft, debuted on
Inhale (Omlott, 2018), pairing
Gustafsson with bagpipes player Erwan Keravec.
Fire! Orchestra's Arrival (january 2019) contains
the 16-minute Silver Trees.
The Shithole Country & Boogie Band (recorded in 2018) was a collaboration among Wendy Gondeln (violin, electronic treatments), Mats Gustafsson (piano mate, saxes and live electronics), Wolfgang Voigt ( editing and mix) and Martin Siewert (guitar and lap top guitar).
Fire! Orchestra's Actions (september 2018) is a tribute to Polish composer Krzysztof Penderecki.
The double-disc Cuts Open (june 2018) reunited him with Masami Akita and Balazs Pandi.
The Underflow, the trio of Mats Gustafsson, Rob Mazurek and guitarist David Grubbs, is documented on Live at the Underflow Record Store and Art Gallery (may 2019) and the subsequent live Instant Opaque Evening (january 2020).
Fire's Defeat (february 2020) was performed by Johan Berthling on electric bass, Andreas Werliin on drums, Goran Kajfes on quarter-tone trumpet, Mats Aleklint on trombone, sousaphone, horn arrangements, and the leader.
Timing (june 2018)
documents a collaboration between Mats Gustafsson (on baritone sax, flutephone & electronics) and Otomo Yoshihide (on turntables, guitar & banjo).
Vertical (july 2021) documents a collaboration between Mats Gustafsson (various saxes and flute) and Tony Lugo (drums and electronics).
VAR (march 2021),
which contains the 29-minute Konsert,
Anna Lindal (violin), Mats Lindstrom (electronics, effects, sampler) and Joachim Nordwall (analog synths, effects, tapes).
Gustafsson's solo album
(december 2020) contains
the 28-minute five-movement Box 1 and the 20-minute four-movement Box 2 for
sopranino, soprano, alto, baritone and bass saxophones.
Fire! Orchestra was an ensemble of 43 musicians around the core trio of Gustafsson, Berthling and Werliin on the triple-LP Echoes (march 2022), mostly devoted to the 85-minute title-track: 2 violins, 2 cellos, 4 trumpets, 2 trombones, 2 tubas, 6 clarinets, 11 saxes, 9 flutes, bells, oboe, bassoon, guembri, Fender Rhodes organ, 2 pianos, synthesizer, vibraphone, glockenspiel, electronics, guitar; banjo, double bass, percussion, and three vocalists.
Their Power Reached Across Space And Time-To Defy Them Was Death-Or Worse (recorded in 2021) documents a collaboration with
Skull Defekts' Joachim Nordwall (analog synthesizer, effects, tapes).
The End was an ensembled with
Sofia Jernberg (voice), Kjetil Moster (reeds), Anders Hana (baritone guitar) and
Greg Saunier (drums)
Svarmod Och Vemod Ar Vardesinnen (january 2018),
Allt Ar Intet (november 2019) and
Why Do You Mourn (may 2022), the latter with new drummer