A Timeline of Artificial Intelligence - The 1990s

by piero scaruffi | (contact)

| Click here for the other decades An appendix to the Bibliography on Mind
All of these events are explained in my book "Intelligence is not Artificial".

Slide presentation "AI and the Singularity"

TM, ®, Copyright © 1996-2017 Piero Scaruffi except pictures. All rights reserved.

1990: Carver Mead describes a neuromorphic processor
1990: Robert Jacobs' "mixture-of-experts" architecture
1990: Robert Schapire's "boosting" for machine learning
1990: Jordan Pollack's recursive auto-associative memory (RAAM)
1990: Peter Brown at IBM implements a statistical machine translation system
1990: Ray Kurzweil's book "Age of Intelligent Machines"
1991: Isabelle Guyon adapts Vapnik's support vector machine (SVM) to pattern classification

1992: Hava Siegelmann and Eduardo Sontag prove that recurrent neural networks are equivalent to Turing machines

1992: Ron Williams' REINFORCE algorithm
1992: Long-ji Lin's "experience replay" algorithm for reinforcement learning
1992: Hava Siegelmann's and Eduardo Sontag's Analog Recurrent Neural Networks
1993: Masayuki Inaba's remote-brained robots
1993: Rodney Brooks' Cog robot
1993: Tom Mitchell's Xavier robot
1994: The first "Toward a Science of Consciousness" conference in Tucson, Arizona
1994: Ernst Dickmanns' self-driving car drives more than 1,000 kms near the airport Charles-de-Gaulle in Paris
1994: Jonathan Schaeffer's Chinook wins the world championship of checkers
1995: Tin-kam Ho's random decision forests
1995: First "No Free Lunch" theorem by David Wolpert
1996: Honda's humanoid robot P2
1996: David Field & Bruno Olshausen's sparse coding
1996: Atsuo Takanishi's Wabian (WAseda BIpedal humANoid)
1997: Mikel Forcada's and Ramon Neco's "encoder-decoder" model for machine translation
1997: Jeurgen Schmidhuber's and Sepp Hochreiter's Long Short Term Memory (LSTM) model
1997: NASA's Mars Pathfinder lands on Mars and deploys the first roving robot, Sojourner
1997: IBM's "Deep Blue" chess machine beats the world's chess champion, Garry Kasparov
1998: Yann LeCun's LeNet-5
1998: Sebastian Thrun's Minerva and Pearl robots
1998: Thorsten Joachims' "Text Categorization With Support Vector Machines"
1998: Two Stanford students, Sergey Brin and Larry Page, publish the paper "The Anatomy of a Large-scale Hypertextual Web Search Engine" and launch the search engine Google

See also A Timeline of Androids and Automata (they have nothing to do with A.I. but they are increasingly popular)

Reading material:
TM, ®, Copyright © 1996-2017 Piero Scaruffi except pictures. All rights reserved.