The Nature of Consciousness

Piero Scaruffi

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These are excerpts and elaborations from my book "The Nature of Consciousness"

Design as the Designer

The US biologist Stuart Kauffman even hinted that Darwin may have gotten it all wrong: it is not that natural selection creates order, it is order that succeeds despite natural selection.

Kauffman's mathematical model shows that arrays of interacting genes do not evolve randomly but converge toward a relatively small number of patterns, or "attractors". This ordering principle may have played a larger role than did natural selection in guiding the evolution of life.

Order arises spontaneously, it is inherent in nature, and natural selection is a distraction. Systems tend to self-organize, despite any obstacle they may encounter in their struggle for self-organization. Life is but one such system, and its evolution is a result of that property of our universe: that complex systems tend to self-organize.

 Natural selection is not the only source of order and design. There is also order and design for free.


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