Juergen Habermas
(Copyright © 2005 Piero Scaruffi | Legal restrictions - Termini d'uso )

Philosophy of History

  • Critique of Western capitalist democracies
  • Marx's assessment of human evolution as an economic progression leaves out the human element: the individual's lack of freedom
  • Not alienation but crisis: institutions manipulate individuals
  • "Deliberative democracy" requires free, uncoerced, unconditioned, open debate among equal citizens, and would reject widely-held western assumptions (e.g., private property)
  • Not class revolution but Communicative Action (all thinking and language for the purpose of common action)
  • Rationality is generated by interpersonal linguistic communication (instead of an isolated subject confronting the objective world)
  • Communicative Action can transform the world and achieve a more humane, just, and egalitarian society
  • A grand narrative provides a united vision of society

(Copyright © 2005 Piero Scaruffi | Legal restrictions - Termini d'uso )