David Hume
(Copyright © 2005 Piero Scaruffi | Legal restrictions - Termini d'uso )

Philosophy of Nature
Philosophy of Science

  • All ideas come from perception
  • "Mind" is a set of "perceptions" or ideas created from perceptions
  • The mind is a theater where perceptions play their parts in rapid succession
  • The self is an illusion
  • The self is like a republic, whose members have an independent life and change all the time but are united by a common constitution
  • The identity of the republic is provided not by its fluctuating contents but by the causal relationship that holds its members together
  • Mental life is a series of thoughts, feelings, sensations
  • There is no self
  • A mind is a bundle of inter-related mental events
  • The self is a fiction that we construct in order to define what binds these events together
  • Critique of causation
  • Induction is not always right: the scientific method does not always lead to truth
  • Experience determines our belief in cause and effect
  • Causality is probability, not certainty (the connection between the two events exists in the mind of the observer, not necessarily between the two events)
  • No absolute truth: any belief is as justified as any other
  • Thought is governed by two laws (associationism):
  • Contiguity: ideas that occur frequently together get associated
  • Resemblance: anything that is associated to an idea is also automatically associated to any similar idea (similar behavior to similar features)

(Copyright © 2005 Piero Scaruffi | Legal restrictions - Termini d'uso )