John Locke
(Copyright © 2005 Piero Scaruffi | Legal restrictions - Termini d'uso )

Philosophy of Mind
Philosophy of Nature
Philosophy of Society

  • Boyle's world:
  • Matter is composed of elementary particles
  • The features of objects are due to the features and motion of the particles they are made of
  • Ideas as the elementary particles of mind
  • All bodies possess "primary" qualities (solidity, extension, figure, number, and motion): qualities which are "inseparable" from the bodies themselves
  • Secondary qualities are the ones that produce sensations in observers (color, sound, taste)
  • Secondary qualities can be understood in terms of the primary qualities that produce them
  • Perceptions are mechanical interactions with objects, that cause mechanical interactions within the nervous system and ultimately the brain, where "sensations" arise ("causal" theory of perception)
  • The sensations are caused by the objects, but all we know is the sensations, not necessarily the real objects
  • The world is not necessarily what appears to us
  • All knowledge derives from experience ("empiricism")
  • Knowledge is acquired
  • Ideas rule our mind
  • Ideas derive from experience, although some ideas may derive from other ideas
  • The mind is helpless against simple ideas due to sense-experience
  • The mind can combine, relate and abstract ideas to form other ideas
  • People have rights
  • Government has the duty to protect their rights and first and foremost their property rights
  • Three branches of government for "checks and balances"
  • Separation of church and state
  • Rule of the majority ("liberalism")

(Copyright © 2005 Piero Scaruffi | Legal restrictions - Termini d'uso )