- Epic stage: system of meaning in which human alienation does not exist, the soul does not perceive any separation from the world,object and subject were not divided, history and nature were one
- People are made into things and therefore lose their identity
- A style of thought might be imputed to a social class
- "Development in history is nor random or chaotic, not is it a straightforward linear progression, but rather a dialectic development. In every social organization, the prevailing mode of production gives rise to inner contradictions which are expressed in class struggle"