Friedrich Nietzsche
(Copyright © 2005 Piero Scaruffi | Legal restrictions - Termini d'uso )

Philosophy of Nature
Philosophy of Society
Philosophy of Ethics

  • Greek tragedy exhibits two complementary aesthetic principles: Apollonian (the plot) and Dionysian (the chorus)
  • The Apollonian plot creates the illusion that the hero's will determines actions
  • The Dionysian chorus reveals the reality that the hero is only part of a primordial universal design
  • Apollonian: visions, physical, civilization, individualistic
  • Dionysian: intoxication, symbolic, savagery, holistic
  • Dionysian pessimism:
  • The Dionysian insight into nature helps us understand the ultimate meaning of life, but it would destroy us if not tempered by the Apollonian illusion of order
  • Dionysian pessimism: The Dionysian is key the overcome the limits of the human condition, but we still won't be able to overcome our fate
  • We can only learn to accept and love our fate
  • Human behavior is caused by the will to power (urge to order the course of one's experiences)
  • All living beings strive for a higher order of their living condition to overcome their present state's limitations
  • Will to power: an extension of Schopenhauer's will to live
  • It is a consequence of the Dionysian insight
  • Philosophy, art and history have an infinite scope
  • Science has a finite scope
  • Science is interpretation/exegesis of the world
  • There are no facts, only interpretations
  • Truth is an illusion
  • Knowledge is an illusion
  • Truth and knowledge are only relative to how useful they are to our "will to power"
  • Morality is a device invented by the weak to assert their will to power over the strong
  • Christian values are a "slave morality", a morality of the weak ones
  • Christian values are obsolete ("God is dead")
  • Christianity is an expression of the will the power, but only the will to power of the weak who are full of resentment
  • The new morality is the morality of the "uebermensch" ("superman/ overman"), who is above the masses and is interested in solving the problems of this world, not of the otherworld

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(Copyright © 2005 Piero Scaruffi | Legal restrictions - Termini d'uso )