Gil Scott-Heron
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Gil Scott-Heron was a Chicago poet and novelist who turned musician and predated rap music with his spoken-word pieces.

Accompanied by keyboardist and flutist Brian Jackson, Scott-Heron made an album of his poems, Small Talk At 125th & Lenox Ave (Flying Dutchman, 1970), which includes The Revolution Will Not Be Televised and Whitey On The Moon.

The duo's Miles Davis-inspired fusion of jazz, funk and rock, and Scott-Heron's Phil Ochs-inspired agit-prop lyrics reached maturity on Pieces Of A Man (april 1971 - Flying Dutchman, 1971), that includes Lady Day And John Coltrane and Home Is Where The Hatred Is.

Free Will (march 1972 - Flying Dutchman, 1972) was relatively uneventful, but Winter In America (october 1973 - Strata-East, 1974) turned out to be his first "musical" statement, with fluid songs such as The Bottle (that borrows a Caribbean rhythm).

The First Minute Of A New Day (august 1974 - Arista, 1975) introduced a real band. From South Africa To South Carolina (Arista, 1975) contains the anti-apartheid sermon Johannesburg. Bridges (Arista, 1977) has the nuclear farce We Almost Lost Detroit.

It's Your World (july 1976) was the last album with Brian Jackson.

Without Jackson, the poet recorded Secrets (Arista, 1978), that contains Angel Dust, The Mind Of Gil Scott-Heron (Arista, 1979), with H2O Gate Blues, 1980 (october 1979 - Arista, 1980), Real Eyes (Arista, 1980), Reflections (june 1981 - Arista, 1981), Moving Target (Arista, 1982), with Blue Collar and Black History, Tales (Peak Top, 1990), Minister Of Information (Peak Top, 1994), Spirits (TvT, 1994), whose highlight is the three-movement suite The Other Side, "sung" from the viewpoint of an addict.

Scott-Heron died in 2011.

(Translation by/ Tradotto da Gabriele Lazzari)

Gil Scott-Heron è stato un poeta e romanziere di Chicago, in seguito passato alla musica e diventato un precursore della musica rap grazie ai suoi pezzi spoken word.

Accompagnato dal tastierista e flautista Brian Jackson, Scott-Heron pubblicò un album di poesie, Small Talk At 125th & Lenox Ave (Flying Dutchman, 1970), che include tra le altre The Revolution Will Not Be Televised e Whitey On The Moon.

La musica del duo, con la sua fusione di jazz, funk e rock à là Miles Davis, maturò definitivamente in Pieces Of A Man (april 1971 - Flying Dutchman, 1971), così come maturarono i testi fortemente politici di Scott-Heron, i quali richiamano in modo particolare Phil Ochs. Nel disco sono presenti Lady Day And John Coltrane e Home Is Where The Hatred Is.

Free Will (march 1972 - Flying Dutchman, 1972) risultò essere un disco senza infamia e senza lode, mentre Winter In America (october 1973 - Strata-East, 1974) fu il suo primo manifesto "musicale", grazie a pezzi orecchiabili come The Bottle (caratterizzata da un ritmo caraibico).

In The First Minute Of A New Day (august 1974 - Arista, 1975) fece la sua prima apparizione una band vera e propria. From South Africa To South Carolina (Arista, 1975) contiene il sermone contro l'apartheid Johannesburg, mentre in Bridges (Arista, 1977) è presente la farsa a tema nucleare We Almost Lost Detroit.

It's Your World (july 1976) fu l'ultimo disco con Brian Jackson.

Senza Jackson, il poeta registrò Secrets (Arista, 1978), che include Angel Dust, The Mind Of Gil Scott-Heron (Arista, 1979), con H2O Gate Blues, 1980 (october 1979 - Arista, 1980), Real Eyes (Arista, 1980), Reflections (june 1981 - Arista, 1981), Moving Target (Arista, 1982), fra le cui tracce vi sono Blue Collar e Black History, Tales (Peak Top, 1990), Minister Of Information (Peak Top, 1994) e Spirits (TvT, 1994), da ricordare soprattutto per la suite in tre movimenti The Other Side, "cantata" dal punto di vista di un tossicodipendente.

Scott-Heron morì nel 2011.

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