Samuel Beckett (1906)
"En Attendant Godot/ Waiting for Godot" (1952) [t] ++
"Fin de Partie/ Endgame" (1957) [t] +
"Tous Ceux qui Tombent" (1957) [t]
"Krapp's Last Tape" (1958) [t]
"La Derniere Bande" (1960) [t]
"Oh Les Beaux Jours/ Happy Days" (1963), ostensibly a comedy, could be the darkest of Beckett's play, a terrifying portrait of the human condition. The protagonist knows that she is dying, slowly and inexorably, lonely and abandoned by everybody, a metaphor for the life of every human being, trapped in a cage that gets smaller and smaller. She tries to survive by denying the obvious (that her life is a complete failure). Day after day she tries to convince herself that her pathetic existence is worth reenacting. She often breaks up in laughter that borders on crying. The man is death: she knows that he is constantly behind her but cannot see him until the time comes.
In the second act Winnie is buried up to her neck. Now we know that she is going to be dead soon. She can't even move her hands anymore. She calls her husband in vain: he never replies. Now she is completely powerless and alone, and her chatter is becoming more nervous. The lights go off, the alarm bell rings. The lights go off, the alarm bell rings. The bell is not only for the audience: she makes specific references to it. Someone is ringing the bell to wake her up. We are made aware of the days that go by without any improvement for her, without any hope that the process of dying will reverse. She uses the items from her bag to reminisce about her childhood. Finally, Willie reappears when she starts singing, which she has postponed so far. He crawls back from his hole dressed in a tuxedo. He only has the strength to crawl slowly around the mound. He can't talk. We can finally see his face. She sings. He raises his hand towards her. She can finally see her face and she is happy, but it is not clear why he is crawling towards her and extending his hand. He looks older than her and weaker than her, totally exhausted. When he finally pronounces her name, it is another happy day for her. Night. Bell.
"Quad" (1981) [t]
"Comedie" (1963) [t]
"Malone Meurt/ Malone Dies" (1950) +
"Comment C'est/ How It Is" (1961)
"L'Innommable/ The Unnamable" (1950) +
"Fizzles" (1960) [p]